Country Details For Nepal
Nepal became a Party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on February 5, 2007.
Smoke Free Places: Smoking is prohibited in a specified list of public places, which includes most workplaces and public places. However, the law allows managers of airports, prisons, and hotels to designate smoking areas. While generally the smoking area in a hotel must be outside, the regulations allow the smoking area to be inside if outside space is not available. With respect to outdoor areas, pilgrimage and religious places, stadiums, outdoor areas of industries and factories, and children’s parks and clubs also must be smoke free.
Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship: There is a ban on most forms of tobacco advertising. Brand stretching, certain vending machines sales, and promotions associated with tobacco product purchases, however, are permitted. There are some restrictions on tobacco sponsorship and the publicity of such sponsorship.
Tobacco Packaging and Labeling: Health warnings are composed of both pictures and text and cover 75 percent of the upper front, upper back, and two sides of smoked tobacco product packaging and the upper front, upper back, and lids (where appropriate) of smokeless tobacco product packaging. With respect to rotation, the law specifies that the Ministry may change the required warnings within a year. Misleading packaging and labeling, including terms such as “less tar” and “light” and other signs, is prohibited. Beginning May 15, 2015, picture and text warnings must be placed on 90 percent of the front and back of all tobacco product packaging.
Roadmap to Tobacco Control Legislation: The Tobacco Product (Control and Regulation) Act, 2010 is the primary law governing tobacco control in Nepal and regulates, among other things, smoking in public places, work places and public transport; tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship; and tobacco packaging and labeling. One regulation and one directive were issued under the Act to implement its provisions: 1) The Tobacco Products (Control and Regulation) Regulation – 2068 (2011) and 2) the Directive for Printing and Labeling of Warning Message and Graphics in the Boxes, Packets, Wrappers, Cartons, Parcels and Packaging of Tobacco Products. Pictorial health warnings were implemented in April 2014, following an unsuccessful challenge by the tobacco industry initiated in 2011. Months later, the government issued a directive increasing the size of the pack warnings to 90 percent of the front and back of all tobacco product packaging beginning May 15, 2015. In 2014, the Government introduced further Tobacco Product Regulations, including stricter restrictions on tobacco advertising, promotion, and sponsorship and FCTC Art. 5.3 provisions, which will take effect on a date set by the Ministry.
This country’s legal measures were reviewed by our legal staff in consultation with in-country lawyers or tobacco control experts.