LANGUAGE

Germany

Tobacco Control Policies

Germany became a Party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on March 16, 2005.

Smoke Free Places: Under federal law, smoking is restricted in indoor workplaces and public places.  Smoking areas may be permitted on means of transport where it is possible to have “physically separate units” (e.g., rail or passenger ships); however, smoking is prohibited on transport such as streetcars, trolleys, buses, and taxis. Sub-national laws apply at the Länder (state) level, and all 16 states have enacted laws restricting or banning smoking in places where states have authority. Sub-national laws may be more stringent than the national law.

Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship: Tobacco advertising is prohibited on TV, radio, and in most print publications. Other types of print advertising, such as flyers, posters, signs, and outdoor advertising, are not covered under the law. Point of sale advertising and promotion and product display are also allowed. Other types of promotional activity - such as brand stretching, promotional discounts, gifts and prizes, and retailer incentive programs - are not addressed in the law and therefore allowed. There are some restrictions on tobacco sponsorship and the publicity of such sponsorship.

Tobacco Packaging and Labeling: For smoked tobacco products, one of two authorized text warnings must occupy 30 percent of the front of package, and one of 14 authorized text warnings must occupy 40 percent of the back of package. The front and back warnings must be rotated so that they regularly appear on the packages.  However, the law does not specify how frequently the warnings are to be updated. For smokeless tobacco products, one text warning must occupy 30 percent of the front of the package. Misleading packaging and labeling, which could include terms such as “light” and “low tar” and other signs, is prohibited.

Tobacco Taxation and Prices: The World Health Organization recommends raising tobacco excise taxes so that they account for at least 70 percent of retail prices. Tobacco excise taxes in Germany are below these recommendations.   

Smoke-Free Environments - Complete Smoking Ban
  • Health-care facilities
  • No
  • Private offices
  • No
  • Primary and secondary schools
  • Yes
  • Public transport
  • No
  • Universities
  • No
  • Restaurants
  • No
  • Governmental facilities
  • No
  • Bars and pubs
  • No
  • Can subnational jurisdictions enact more stringent smoking restrictions?
  • Yes
Bans on Tobacco Advertising, Promotion, and Sponsorship
  • Domestic TV and radio
  • Yes
  • Promotional discounts
  • No
  • Domestic magazines and newspapers
  • Yes
  • Non-tobacco products or services with tobacco brand names
  • No
  • Outdoor advertising
  • No
  • Tobacco products with non-tobacco brand names
  • No
  • Point-of-sale advertising
  • No
  • Paid placement in media
  • Yes
  • Retail product display
  • No
  • Financial sponsorship, including corporate social responsibility
  • No
  • Internet advertising
  • No
  • Publicity of sponsorships
  • No
  • Free distribution
  • No
Health Warnings on Smoked Tobacco Products
  • Text warnings describe health impacts
  • Yes
  • Number of published warnings at any given time
  • 16
  • Warnings include a picture or graphic
  • No
  • Warnings required to rotate
  • Yes
  • % of principal display areas covered (front and back)
  • 35%
  • Warnings are written in the principal language(s)
  • Yes
  • Front
  • 30%
  • Ban on misleading packaging and labeling
  • Yes
  • Back
  • 40%
  • Health warnings on smokeless tobacco products
  • Yes
Tobacco Taxation and Price
  • PRICE OF MOST SOLD BRAND, PACK OF 20 CIGARETTES
  • TAXES ON MOST SOLD BRAND (% OF RETAIL PRICE)
  • In country currency
  • EUR
  • 6.40
  • Total taxes
  • 68%
  • In US dollars
  • USD
  • 7.51
  • Total excise
  • 52%

Sources:

SF, APS, PL: Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids Legal Website. Available at: www.tobaccocontrollaws.org

Tax: WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2019. Available at: https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/

Last updated: September 17, 2019