LANGUAGE

Japan

Tobacco Control Policies

Japan became a Party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on February 27, 2005.
 
Smoke Free Places: At the national level, smoking is not restricted or prohibited by law in indoor public places, workplaces, or on public transport, although in practice many such places restrict or ban smoking. The only national law that addresses smoke free places requires that property owners, managers, or employers "endeavor” or “try” to take measures “as necessary” to protect against exposure to tobacco smoke without any penalty provisions. Non-binding guidelines serve as the foundation for further national government directions in this area. At the sub-national level, two large prefectures have enacted smoke free ordinances for indoor public places with associated penalties for non-compliance. In addition, smoke free ordinances for crowded outdoor urban streets and walkways are common nationwide.
 
Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship: While some restrictions on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship exist in practice, no forms of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship are prohibited by law. Restrictions on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship operate as a form of “industry self-regulation” pursuant to the Tobacco Business Act, which calls on advertisers to “be mindful so as not to widely and actively encourage smoking.”
 
Tobacco Packaging and Labeling: One or more text-only statements must be displayed on 30 percent of the main area of the tobacco package. Misleading descriptors are not prohibited. However, where misleading terms such as “low tar”, “light”, “ultra light”, or “mild” are used, language must also be used that states that the health impacts are not less than other products.
 
Tobacco Taxation and Prices: The World Health Organization recommends raising tobacco excise taxes so that they account for at least 70 percent of retail prices. Tobacco excise taxes in Japan are below these recommendations.   
Smoke-Free Environments - Complete Smoking Ban
  • Health-care facilities
  • No
  • Private offices
  • No
  • Primary and secondary schools
  • No
  • Public transport
  • No
  • Universities
  • No
  • Restaurants
  • No
  • Governmental facilities
  • No
  • Bars and pubs
  • No
  • Can subnational jurisdictions enact more stringent smoking restrictions?
  • Yes
Bans on Tobacco Advertising, Promotion, and Sponsorship
  • Domestic TV and radio
  • No
  • Promotional discounts
  • No
  • Domestic magazines and newspapers
  • No
  • Non-tobacco products or services with tobacco brand names
  • No
  • Outdoor advertising
  • No
  • Tobacco products with non-tobacco brand names
  • No
  • Point-of-sale advertising
  • No
  • Paid placement in media
  • No
  • Retail product display
  • No
  • Financial sponsorship, including corporate social responsibility
  • No
  • Internet advertising
  • No
  • Publicity of sponsorships
  • No
  • Free distribution
  • No
Health Warnings on Smoked Tobacco Products
  • Text warnings describe health impacts
  • Yes
  • Number of published warnings at any given time
  • 2-8
  • Warnings include a picture or graphic
  • No
  • Warnings required to rotate
  • Yes
  • % of principal display areas covered (front and back)
  • 30%
  • Warnings are written in the principal language(s)
  • Yes
  • Front
  • 30%
  • Ban on misleading packaging and labeling
  • No
  • Back
  • 30%
  • Health warnings on smokeless tobacco products
  • Yes
Tobacco Taxation and Price
  • PRICE OF MOST SOLD BRAND, PACK OF 20 CIGARETTES
  • TAXES ON MOST SOLD BRAND (% OF RETAIL PRICE)
  • In country currency
  • JPY
  • 440.00
  • Total taxes
  • 63%
  • In US dollars
  • USD
  • 3.97
  • Total excise
  • 56%

Sources:

SF, APS, PL: Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids Legal Website. Available at: www.tobaccocontrollaws.org

Tax: WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2019. Available at: https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/

Last updated: June 1, 2020