LANGUAGE

Nigeria

Tobacco Control Policies

Nigeria became a Party to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on January 18, 2006.  

Smoke Free Places: Smoking is restricted to designated smoking areas in indoor public places and workplaces. Smoking is prohibited on public transport. Smoking is also prohibited in certain outdoor spaces, including: restaurants and bars and any place where food or drink is served or consumed, playgrounds, amusement parks, public parks, and other public gathering places; bus stops, vehicle parks and seaports; among other areas or places. The National Tobacco Control Regulations provide additional restrictions on the placement, operation and construction of any designated smoking area. Where those requirements cannot not be met, smoking is prohibited in the entire enclosed public place or workplace. Sub-national jurisdictions may enact smoke free laws that are more stringent than the national law.

Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship: Tobacco advertising and promotion is prohibited except tobacco manufacturers and retailers are permitted to promote and advertise tobacco products to “consenting” adults. There are some restrictions on tobacco sponsorship and the publicity of such sponsorship, which is subject to the same loophole allowing sponsorship aimed at “consenting” adults.

Tobacco Packaging and Labeling: Combined picture and text health warnings are required to be displayed on 50 percent of all principal display areas of all tobacco product packaging. Beginning in 2024, the size of the combined picture and text warnings will increase to 60 percent. The law prohibits misleading packaging and labeling, including terms such as “light” and “low tar” and other signs, such as colors.

Tobacco Taxation and Prices: The World Health Organization recommends raising tobacco excise taxes so that they account for at least 70 percent of retail prices. Tobacco excise taxes in Nigeria are well below these recommendations.   

Smoke-Free Environments - Complete Smoking Ban
  • Health-care facilities
  • No
  • Private offices
  • No
  • Primary and secondary schools
  • No
  • Public transport
  • Yes
  • Universities
  • No
  • Restaurants
  • No
  • Governmental facilities
  • No
  • Bars and pubs
  • No
  • Can subnational jurisdictions enact more stringent smoking restrictions?
  • Yes
Bans on Tobacco Advertising, Promotion, and Sponsorship
  • Domestic TV and radio
  • Yes
  • Promotional discounts
  • No
  • Domestic magazines and newspapers
  • No
  • Non-tobacco products or services with tobacco brand names
  • Yes
  • Outdoor advertising
  • Yes
  • Tobacco products with non-tobacco brand names
  • Yes
  • Point-of-sale advertising
  • No
  • Paid placement in media
  • Yes
  • Retail product display
  • No
  • Financial sponsorship, including corporate social responsibility
  • No
  • Internet advertising
  • No
  • Publicity of sponsorships
  • No
  • Free distribution
  • No
Health Warnings on Smoked Tobacco Products
  • Text warnings describe health impacts
  • Yes
  • Number of published warnings at any given time
  • 1
  • Warnings include a picture or graphic
  • Yes
  • Warnings required to rotate
  • Yes
  • % of principal display areas covered (front and back)
  • 50%
  • Warnings are written in the principal language(s)
  • Yes
  • Front
  • 50%
  • Ban on misleading packaging and labeling
  • Yes
  • Back
  • 50%
  • Health warnings on smokeless tobacco products
  • Yes
Tobacco Taxation and Price
  • PRICE OF MOST SOLD BRAND, PACK OF 20 CIGARETTES
  • TAXES ON MOST SOLD BRAND (% OF RETAIL PRICE)
  • In country currency
  • NGN
  • 220.00
  • Total taxes
  • 30%
  • In US dollars
  • USD
  • 0.72
  • Total excise
  • 25%

Sources:

SF, APS, PL: Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids Legal Website. Available at: www.tobaccocontrollaws.org

Tax: WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic, 2019. Available at: https://www.who.int/tobacco/global_report/en/

Last updated: July 26, 2021